- Raynaldo Perugini
- Settore disciplinareICAR/18 - storia dell'architettura
- E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Raynaldo Perugini was born in Rome on November 29th 1950.
Graduated in Architecture in 1973, he started at once teaching History of Architecture at the Architecture Faculty first in the University of Roma “La Sapienza” and then in the University of Roma Tre.
From 1981 Ricercatore confermato in the disciplinary sector ICAR 18 (History of Architecture), from 1992 to nowadays he has been charged with teaching first History of Modern Architecture and at present History of Architecture 1 and History and Methods of Architectural Analysis.
Several times Visiting Professor at the Houston University, he also taught History of Contemporary Architecture to the students of the Universities of Belfast and Vienna, and, recently, of the Arizona State University and the Ã‰cole d’Architecture de Nantes and University of Colorado.
Furthermore he also took part in the didactic activity of the Research Doctorates promoted by the Department of Philosophy of the University of Bologna and the Department of Architectural Design and Study of Architecture in The University of Roma Tre. In this last Doctorate, which deals with the problems of sustainable development, he is expert member of the relationships between new hypothesis and yet built reality.
He has been Responsabile Scientifico of a Research Unity in two important projects financed by Italian CNR. The first one dedicated to The Mediterranean town between architectural project and historical reality in the context of the Progetto Strategico CNR: The “Mediterranean system” (1995/1997). The second, inserted in the “Progetto Finalizzato Beni Culturali” and developed in cooperation with the Town Council of Naples, dealing with Use and maintenance of the historical areas of Naples: systematic analysis and methodology for interventions (1996/2000).
He attended as a speaker several national and international Congresses about problems concerning History of Architecture, Restoration and also, more recently, their links with sustainability. From the historical point of view he is mainly interested in the relations between built architecture and architectural thought, even expressed in their writings by philosophers and other non-architects.
Being in fact one of the main specialists of the works of the learned sixteenth century scholar Athanasius Kircher, renowned for his studies on the Egyptian culture and his cooperation with Gian Lorenzo Bernini, he analysed in detail the connections of his writings and, mainly, of his ideal reconstructions with symbolic architecture. Establishing in this way a special field of history that he defined ‘philosophical architecture’ (in R. Perugini, Dell’architettura filosofica, Rome 1983). On the same conceptual line he studied other important figures of the late Cinquecento and Baroque culture like doctor Robert Fludd, the architect of the Heidelberg Gardens: Salomon de Caus or the Elizabethan mathematician John Dee, well renowned for his “architectural” preface to the first English edition of Euclid’s Elements. But he also studied the language of special architectural orders as, for instance, the one assumed for the mythical Temple of Salomon or the eighteenth-century aesthetics, through the connections between the theorizations on the Beautiful and the Sublime and the critical thought of Ã‰tienne-louis BoullÃ©e. More peculiar is maybe his theory of the relationships between architecture and art and the so-called “Art of Memory”, ancient orators’ practice but simultaneously guide and method for several processes very similar to real architectural invention ( in R.Perugini, La Memoria Creativa, Rome 1984).
However he did not neglect to write about architects more “concrete” and more recent like Ferdinando Sanfelice, Adolf Loos and Louis Kahn (in R. PERUGINI, Periplo Architettonico, Rome 2008), Louis Sullivan and Amsterdam School or about contemporary architectural works such as the Memorial of the Fosse Ardeatine in Rome, always putting, however, in foreground architectural ideals, meaning, origins and motivations.
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