The Building retrofitting thesis workshop allows the graduating students to work on the existing heritage, strictly to what concerns buildings of the XXth century, aiming to adapt them to the actual needs. The adaptation of a building concerns various disciplinary aspects and our goal is to develop an integrated approach between different subjects highlighting the aspects regarding environmental sustainability, structures, feasibility and survey, this latter to be considered both under its geometric and architectural forms. Today, the UE considers the Retrofitting as the major strategy to help reducing the CO2 pollution. In Italy, the 50% of residential properties has been built in 35 years of the XXth century, from 1945 to 1981.
Retrofit means to reuse existing buildings, adapting and transforming them.
Retrofit means to save embodied energy as well, to extend service life, to avoid the garbage disposal due to demolitions. Saving allows to invest in new systems which can reduce the use of operating energy.
Changing the existing into a carbon neutral can be the opportunity to introduce new modifies in our built heritage that can go beyond the energy issue, including wider transformations, in order to create a sustainable model for our cities and to provide a high-level quality for the built context and the public space. Attractiveness, accessibility, comfort, building management, flexibility of spaces for further adaptations, functional mix, they are all aspects which come along the energetic approach characterized by the improvement of the passive systems regarding the building envelope and by using energetic renewable sources and functional installations.